The Triple-Dare Challenge Facing the Automotive Industry: Fuel Economy Standards, Emissions Regulations, and Renewable Fuel Use

Speaker: Jim Parks

February 25, 2015


Dr. James (Jim) E. Parks II

Group Leader – Emissions and Catalysis Research
National Transportation Research Center
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Dr. Parks leads the Emissions and Catalysis Research Group at the National Transportation Research Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He received his B.S. in Physics from North Carolina State University in 1989 and his Ph. D. in Physics from the University of Tennessee in 1995.

Prior to joining Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Dr. Parks worked in the private sector at EmeraChem LLC, a small technology company specializing in lean NOx trap catalyst research and development and catalyst commercialization and production for power generation and automotive applications.

His current research interests are catalysts for lean burn engines, advanced spectroscopic technique development for transportation related research, and novel applications of
nanophase materials. Dr. Parks has numerous publications in peer-reviewed journals and is currently a member of the American Physical Society and the Society of Automotive Engineers.

Abstract

Jim Parks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Reducing petroleum consumption and improving energy security are primary goals of the Department of Energy. In order to achieve these goals in a sustainable manner, air quality must not be sacrificed. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is enabling industry to introduce advanced fuel-efficient engine technologies to the marketplace by performing scientific research on the control of NOx, CO, hydrocarbon, and particulate emissions. The research spans from the nanoscale, where the reduction of harmful pollutants on catalytic sites occurs, to full-scale engine systems, where advanced analytical tools are employed to characterize the complex exhaust chemistry. The resulting technology advancements in catalytic emission control are enabling more fuel efficient vehicles and also helping reduce air pollution in the Knox and surrounding counties where ambient air quality is not in attainment of U.S. EPA standards. Current research is focused on helping industry meet three major challenges being implemented in the next decade: (1) new aggressive fuel economy standards (2) further reducing vehicle emissions to meet the new U.S. EPA Tier 3 emission standards, and (3) increasing renewable fuel use to meet goals of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. This presentation will cover mobile source emissions and their impacts on air quality, emission regulations and challenges, basic catalyst science for emission control, and highlights from ORNL research studies on emission control from
advanced vehicles.

Presentation

Feb2015_Triple_Dare_Challenge_20150225pdf